Arch Linux is often considered as hard distribution for beginners and in the IT world exists a false statement that "The best distrbution for beginners is Ubuntu or Linux Mint which are user friendly and these are the best". I, in turn, am convinced that Arch Linux is a very good distribution to start for people that have, at least, very minimal knowledge about computers. This tutorial is for people that never used Linux, but also for people that used Linux for a little bit of time, but in more Windows-like way, so - let's start!
If you used Linux for a bit of time, you can calmly skip this section, because here I will explain basics of Linux, it's file system, etc.
First of all, I am gonna explain a file structure, what other things are
on Linux in comparsion to (for example) Windows.
File structure is a hierarchy of all files on the disk. It may contain directories, in Windows usually called folders, and subdirectories which is equivalent to subfolders. Directories and subdirectories may contain files, but also many other things which will be explained later.
Mounting is a very common thing when you are using external storage in UNIX. In Windows this thing is done automatically when you connect an external medium, in UNIX you must do it by writing a command. Of course, there are programs that works in the background which will mount disks automatically, but manually mounting disks is better for a few reasons:
In UNIX you also have your home directory which contain your personal data. Usually it's /home/your username, but you can change it to any other place. Your home directory is usually marked as ~, so if your username is for example sebastian, ~/vids is equivalent of /home/sebastian/vids.
One other thing for introduction - UNIX (and Linux) commands are often shortcuts for english words - common examples:
cdis equivalent of change directory
lsis equivalent of list (files)
edis equivalent of (text) editor
manis equivalent of manual page
rmis equivalent of remove
lnis equivalent of link
mkdiris equivalent of make directory
pacmanis equivalent of package manager
(to be continued...)